Fokker E.III

From Rise of Flight Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Fokker E.III
Type Fighter plane
Designer Anthony Fokker
Manufacturer Fokker Flugzeug-Werke
Constructor Fokker Flugzeug-Werke
Engine Oberursel U.I rotary 9 cyl.
Power 100hp
Height (mm) 2290
Length (mm) 7160
Wing span (mm) 10000
Wing surface 15.99
Empty weight (kg) 417
Takeoff weight (kg) 641
Fuel capacity 125
Oil capacity 25
Climb rate 1000 m — 6 min. 28 sec.
2000 m — 14 min. 35 sec.
3000 m — 28 min. 45 sec.
Maximum airspeed (IAS: km/h) sea level — 142
1000 m — 133
2000 m — 123
3000 m — 113
4000 m — 97
Service ceiling (m) 4000
Endurance (h.,min.) at 1000m combat — 3 h.
cruise — 3 h.
Armament 1x LMG 08/15 Spandau 7.92mm, 500 rounds.
Introduced December 1915
Primary user Luftstreitkräfte
Produced 1915-1916
Number built 249

Aircraft History

The Fokker E.III Eindecker was a single-seat monoplane fighter. The aircraft was designed by Anthony Fokker at the beginning of 1915. Roll control was implemented by physically deforming the whole surface of the wings ('wing-warping'). This type of control was typical for all early aircraft. Later on, the unreliable and ineffective wing-warping function was replaced by control of the aircraft's roll using ailerons, 'control surfaces'.

The Fokker E.III was equipped with synchroniser gearing, a revolutionary innovation that changed the face of air combat. With synchroniser gear implemented it was now possible to fire a machine gun through a rotating propeller without damaging it, bullets only being fired as the propellor blades passed by the machine gun's muzzle and during the gap left as each blade in turn moved around the spinner. This device drastically improved the performance of the aircraft in its role as a fighter. Synchroniser gear ('interrupter gear') was invented after the capture of Roland Garros’ Morane-Saulnier type L. This aircraft was equipped with metal deflector wedges attached to the propeller blades. This legacy design allowed for firing through the spinning blades, but the deflectors greatly impeded the efficiency of the propeller, damaging it in many cases. Anthony Fokker chose an alternative approach to this problem by creating a geared assembly connecting the shaft of the engine to the trigger of the machine gun. Bullets could then only be fired during the time that the propeller blades were not in front of the machine gun’s barrel. Equipped with the new synchroniser gear, German aircraft ruled the sky until the beginning of 1916. This period was known as the 'Fokker Scourge', during which time Allied aviators regarded their poorly armed aircraft as 'Fokker Fodder'.

The first official Eindecker victory was achieved by Leutnant Wintgens on the 1st of July 1915 when he shot down a French Morane-Saulnier 'parasol' monoplane. The two most famous Eindecker pilots were Oswald Boelcke (19 of his total of 40 air victories were achieved flying the Eindecker) and Max Immelmann (with 15 victories flying the Eindecker)

The 'Fokker Scourge' and the total air domination by the Fokker Е.III ended at the beginning of 1916 with the appearance in service at the front of the DH-2 and the Nieuport 11.

In total, 270 units of Fokker E.III were built. Some aircraft were transferred to other countries, to the Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria.

Operating Instructions

Stall speed: km/h
Speed for best rate of climb:
Never exceed speed: km/h
Maximum engine speed: rpm

Cockpit Guide

Fokker Cockpit